Ulysses Chapter 17 Ithaca - 1

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尤利西斯 第17章


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English to Chinese translation 英文到汉语中文翻译对照阅读 of Ulysses - Chapter 17 Ithaca

1What parallel courses did Bloom and Stephen follow returning?

1归途,布卢姆和斯蒂芬肩并肩走的是哪条路线?

2Starting united both at normal walking pace from Beresford place they followed in the order named Lower and Middle Gardiner streets and Mountjoy square, west: then, at reduced pace, each bearing left, Gardiner's place by an inadvertence as far as the farther corner of Temple street: then, at reduced pace with interruptions of halt, bearing right, Temple street, north, as far as Hardwicke place. Approaching, disparate, at relaxed walking pace they crossed both the circus before George's church diametrically, the chord in any circle being less than the arc which it subtends.

2他们都是用正常的步行速度从贝雷斯福德广场出发,按照下、中加德纳街的顺序走到蒙乔伊广场西端。随后放慢步伐一道向左拐,漫不经心地来到加德纳广场尽头,这里是通向北边坦普尔街的交叉口。随后朝右拐,时而停下脚步,缓慢地沿着但普尔街往北走去,一直来到哈德威克街 。他们迈着悠闲的步子先后挨近了圣乔治教堂前的圆形广场,然后迳直穿过去。说起来,任何一个圆,其弦都比弧要短。

3Of what did the duumvirate deliberate during their itinerary?

3一路上,二巨头究竟讨论了些什么?

4Music, literature, Ireland, Dublin, Paris, friendship, woman, prostitution, diet, the influence of gaslight or the light of arc and glowlamps on the growth of adjoining paraheliotropic trees, exposed corporation emergency dustbuckets, the Roman catholic church, ecclesiastical celibacy, the Irish nation, jesuit education, careers, the study of medicine, the past day, the maleficent influence of the presabbath, Stephen's collapse.

4音乐,文学,爱尔兰,都柏林,巴黎,友情,女人,卖淫,营养,煤气灯、弧光灯以及白炽灯的光线对附近那些避日性树木的成长所产生的影响 ,市政府临时所设不加盖的垃圾箱,罗马天主教堂,圣职者的独身生活,爱尔兰国民,耶稣会的教育,职业,学医,刚度过的这一天,安息日 前一天的不祥气氛,斯蒂芬晕倒一事。

5Did Bloom discover common factors of similarity between their respective like and unlike reactions to experience?

5布卢姆可曾就他们二人各自对经验之反应的相同与不同之处发现类似的共同点?

6Both were sensitive to artistic impressions, musical in preference to plastic or pictorial. Both preferred a continental to an insular manner of life, a cisatlantic to a transatlantic place of residence. Both indurated by early domestic training and an inherited tenacity of heterodox resistance professed their disbelief in many orthodox religious, national, social and ethical doctrines. Both admitted the alternately stimulating and obtunding influence of heterosexual magnetism.

6两个人都对艺术印象敏感,对音乐印象比对造型艺术或绘画艺术更要敏感。两人都对大陆的生活方式比对岛国的有所偏爱,又都情愿住在大西洋这边,并不愿住到大西洋彼岸去。早年的家庭教育与血统里带来的对异教的执拗反抗,使得二人态度顽强,对宗教、国家、社会、伦理等许许多多正统教义都抱有怀疑。两个人都认为异性吸引力具有相互刺激与抑制的作用。

7Were their views on some points divergent?

7他们两人的见解在什么上头有些分歧呢?

8Stephen dissented openly from Bloom's views on the importance of dietary and civic selfhelp while Bloom dissented tacitly from Stephen's views on the eternal affirmation of the spirit of man in literature. Bloom assented covertly to Stephen's rectification of the anachronism involved in assigning the date of the conversion of the Irish nation to christianity from druidism by Patrick son of Calpornus, son of Potitus, son of Odyssus, sent by pope Celestine I in the year 432 in the reign of Leary to the year 260 or thereabouts in the reign of Cormac MacArt (died 266 A.D.), suffocated by imperfect deglutition of aliment at Sletty and interred at Rossnaree. The collapse which Bloom ascribed to gastric inanition and certain chemical compounds of varying degrees of adulteration and alcoholic strength, accelerated by mental exertion and the velocity of rapid circular motion in a relaxing atmosphere, Stephen attributed to the reapparition of a matutinal cloud (perceived by both from two different points of observation Sandycove and Dublin) at first no bigger than a woman's hand.

8斯蒂芬毫不隐瞒他对布卢姆关于营养和市民自救行为的重要性持有异议;布卢姆则对斯蒂芬关于人类精神通过文学得到永恒的肯定这一见解,暗自表示不以为然。布卢姆倒是不动声色地同意了斯蒂芬所指出的爱尔兰国民放弃对德鲁伊特的信仰而皈依基督教的时期在年份上的错误。应把李尔利王统治下,教皇切莱斯廷一世派遣帕特里克(奥德修斯之子波提图斯之子卡尔波努斯之子)前来的公元四三二年,更正为科麦克·麦克阿尔特(殁于公元二六六年)统治下的二六0 年或约莫那个时期,而科麦克是因被食物卡住而噎死于斯莱提,并埋葬在罗斯纳利的。布卢姆暗自同意斯蒂芬的论点。布卢姆认为斯蒂芬之所以晕倒乃是因为他胃囊里空空如也,以及搀水量与酒精度数各不相同的化合物在作怪。这是始而精神紧张,继而又在松弛的气氛下疾迅地旋转这一剧烈的运动所造成的。斯蒂芬却把它归因于起初还没有女人的巴掌那么大的晨云再次出现(他们二人曾从不同的地点--沙丘与都柏林,目击到那片云彩) 。

9Was there one point on which their views were equal and negative?

9他们两个人可曾在某一点上持同样否定的见解?

10The influence of gaslight or electric light on the growth of adjoining paraheliotropic trees.

10在煤气灯或电灯的光线对附近那些避日性树木的成长所产生的影响这一点上。

11Had Bloom discussed similar subjects during nocturnal perambulations in the past?

11过去夜间闲荡时,布卢姆可曾议论过同样一些问题?

12In 1884 with Owen Goldberg and Cecil Turnbull at night on public thoroughfares between Longwood avenue and Leonard's corner and Leonard's corner and Synge street and Synge street and Bloomfield avenue. In 1885 with Percy Apjohn in the evenings, reclined against the wall between Gibraltar villa and Bloomfield house in Crumlin, barony of Uppercross. In 1886 occasionally with casual acquaintances and prospective purchasers on doorsteps, in front parlours, in third class railway carriages of suburban lines. In 1888 frequently with major Brian Tweedy and his daughter Miss Marion Tweedy, together and separately on the lounge in Matthew Dillon's house in Roundtown. Once in 1892 and once in 1893 with Julius (Juda) Mastiansky, on both occasions in the parlour of his (Bloom's) house in Lombard street, west.

12一八八四年,夜间他与欧文·戈德堡 和塞西尔·特恩布尔一道沿着这几条大马路边走边谈:从朗伍德大街走到伦纳德街角,又从伦纳德街角走到辛格街,然后从辛格街走到布卢姆菲尔德大街。一八八五年的一个傍晚,他又与珀西·阿普约翰一道倚着厄珀克罗斯区克鲁姆林的直布罗陀庄与布卢姆菲尔德公馆之间的墙,交谈过几次。一八八六年,他与偶然结识者以及可能成为主顾的人在门口的台阶上、前客厅里和郊区铁路线的三等车厢里谈过。一八八八年,他经常与布赖恩·特威迪鼓手长和他的女儿玛莉恩·特威迪小姐,有时同父女一道,有时单独同其中的一个交谈,地点就在圆镇的马修·狄龙 家的娱乐室里。一八九二年与朱利叶斯·马斯添斯基 谈过一次,一八九三年又谈过一次,都是在西伦巴德街的(布卢姆)自己家的客厅里。

13What reflection concerning the irregular sequence of dates 1884, 1885, 1886, 1888, 1892, 1893, 1904 did Bloom make before their arrival at their destination?

13在到达他们的目的地之前,关于一八八四、一八八五、一八八六、一八八八、一八九二、一八九三、一九0 四这一不规则的连续,布卢姆有过些什么样的反思?

14He reflected that the progressive extension of the field of individual development and experience was regressively accompanied by a restriction of the converse domain of interindividual relations.

14他反思道,个人的成长与经验积累的范围越是不断在扩大,伴随而来的就必然是各个人相互间交流范围缩小这一退步现象。

15As in what ways?

15例如在哪些方面?

16From inexistence to existence he came to many and was as one received: existence with existence he was with any as any with any: from existence to nonexistence gone he would be by all as none perceived.

16从不存在到存在。他出现在很多人面前,作为一个存在,被接受下来。就存在与存在的关系而言,他就像任何存在对任何存在那样对待任何存在。他即将从存在而消失到不存在中去,从而被所有的人看作是不存在的。

17What act did Bloom make on their arrival at their destination?

17他们抵达目的地之后,布卢姆采取了什么行动?

18At the housesteps of the 4th Of the equidifferent uneven numbers, number 7 Eccles street, he inserted his hand mechanically into the back pocket of his trousers to obtain his latchkey.

18在等差奇数的第四位,也就是埃克尔斯街七号门口的台阶那儿,他把手机械地伸进长裤后兜里去掏他那把弹簧锁钥匙。

19Was it there?

19在那儿吗?

20It was in the corresponding pocket of the trousers which he had worn on the day but one preceding.

20钥匙是在他仅仅一天之前穿过的那条长裤的同一位置的兜里。

21Why was he doubly irritated?

21他为什么倍加气恼?

22Because he had forgotten and because he remembered that he had reminded himself twice not to forget.

22因为他忘记了,而且又想起曾两次提醒过自己:可不要忘记。

23What were then the alternatives before the, premeditatedly (respectively) and inadvertently, keyless couple?

23那么这两个(分别)故意地或粗心大意地未带钥匙的人,面临着什么样的选择呢?

24To enter or not to enter. To knock or not to knock.

24进去还是不进去。敲门还是不敲门 。

25Bloom's decision?

25布卢姆是怎么决定的?

26A stratagem. Resting his feet on the dwarf wall, he climbed over the area railings, compressed his hat on his head, grasped two points at the lower union of rails and stiles, lowered his body gradually by its length of five feet nine inches and a half to within two feet ten inches of the area pavement and allowed his body to move freely in space by separating himself from the railings and crouching in preparation for the impact of the fall.

26一条计策。他把两只脚迈上矮墙,跨过地下室前那块空地的栏杆,将帽子紧紧扣在头上,摸住栅栏下部的两个格子,将他那具五英尺九英寸半的身躯徐徐地落下来,一直落到距地面不足两英尺十英寸的地方。然后撒开攥着栅栏的手,让身子在空中自由摇荡。为了减缓坠落时的冲击,他还把身子蜷缩起来。

27Did he fall?

27他坠落了吗?

28By his body's known weight of eleven stone and four pounds in avoirdupois measure, as certified by the graduated machine for periodical selfweighing in the premises of Francis Froedman, pharmaceutical chemist of 19 Frederick street, north, on the last feast of the Ascension, to wit, the twelfth day of May of the bissextile year one thousand nine hundred and four of the christian era (jewish era five thousand six hundred and sixtyfour, mohammadan era one thousand three hundred and twentytwo), golden number 5, epact 13, solar cycle 9, dominical letters C B, Roman indiction 2, Julian period 6617, MCMIV.

28他是凭着常衡制十一斯通零六磅的体重坠落的。他所使用的是弗雷德里克街北区十九号的药剂师弗朗西斯·弗罗德曼的店铺内那台供定期测量体重的有刻度的自动磅秤。日期是耶稣升天的最后节日,即闰年基督教公元一九0 四年(犹太历公元五六六四年,伊斯兰历公元一三二二年)五月十二日。金号码五,闰余十三,太阳活动周九,主日字母CB,罗马十五年历 二,儒略周期六六一七年,MCMIV 。

29Did he rise uninjured by concussion?

29他没有受震伤就站起来了吗?

30Regaining new stable equilibrium he rose uninjured though concussed by the impact, raised the latch of the area door by the exertion of force at its freely moving flange and by leverage of the first kind applied at its fulcrum, gained retarded access to the kitchen through the subadjacent scullery, ignited a lucifer match by friction, set free inflammable coal gas by turningon the ventcock, lit a high flame which, by regulating, he reduced to quiescent candescence and lit finally a portable candle.

30他重新获得了稳定均衡,尽管因猛烈撞击而受震荡,却没有负外伤就站了起来。他使劲扳院门搭扣的那个活动金属片,凭着加在这一支轴上的初级杠杆的作用,把搭扣摘开,穿过紧挨着厨房地下的碗碟洗涤槽,绕道走进厨房。他擦着了一根安全火柴,转动煤气开关,放出可燃性的煤气。他调节那燃旺了的火焰,捻小成发白的文火为止。最后,点上一支便于携带的蜡烛。

31What discrete succession of images did Stephen meanwhile perceive?

31这当儿,斯蒂芬瞧见了哪些忽隐忽现的影象?

32Reclined against the area railings he perceived through the transparent kitchen panes a man regulating a gasflame of 14 CP, a man lighting a candle of 1 CP, a man removing in turn each of his two boots, a man leaving the kitchen holding a candle.

32他倚着地下室前那块空地的栅栏,隔着厨房里的透明窗玻璃,瞧见一个男人在调节十四烛光的煤气火焰,一个男人点燃一烛光的蜡烛,一个男人轮流脱着一双靴子,一个男人拿着蜡烛正在从厨房里走出来。

33Did the man reappear elsewhere?

33那个男人先前可曾在别处出现过?

34After a lapse of four minutes the glimmer of his candle was discernible through the semitransparent semicircular glass fanlight over the halldoor. The halldoor turned gradually on its hinges. In the open space of the doorway the man reappeared without his hat, with his candle.

34过了四分钟,隔着厅门上端那半透明的扇形气窗,他那忽隐忽现的烛光映入眼帘。厅门徐徐地随着铰链转动着。那个男人手持蜡烛,没戴帽子,重新出现在空荡荡的门道里。

35Did Stephen obey his sign?

35斯蒂芬听他用手势来指挥了吗?

36Yes, entering softly, he helped to close and chain the door and followed softly along the hallway the man's back and listed feet and lighted candle past a lighted crevice of doorway on the left and carefully down a turning staircase of more than five steps into the kitchen of Bloom's house.

36是的,他静悄悄地走了进去,帮助把门关严,挂上链子,静悄悄地跟在那个男子背后,脚上跋拉着用布边做的拖鞋,手待点燃的蜡烛,打左边那扇从缝儿里露出灯光来的门前经过,小心翼翼地走下不只五个阶磴的螺旋梯,来到布卢姆家的厨房。

37What did Bloom do?

37布卢姆做了些什么?

38He extinguished the candle by a sharp expiration of breath upon its flame, drew two spoonseat deal chairs to the hearthstone, one for Stephen with its back to the area window, the other for himself when necessary, knelt on one knee, composed in the grate a pyre of crosslaid resintipped sticks and various coloured papers and irregular polygons of best Abram coal at twentyone shillings a ton from the yard of Messrs Flower and M'Donald of 14 D'Olier street, kindled it at three projecting points of paper with one ignited lucifer match, thereby releasing the potential energy contained in the fuel by allowing its carbon and hydrogen elements to enter into free union with the oxygen of the air.

38他猛地朝火苗吹去,把蜡烛熄灭。将两把匙形木椅拖到炉边,一把是给斯蒂芬准备的,椅背朝着面临院子的窗户,一把是自己坐的。他单膝着地,往炉格子里放了些粘着树脂的枝条和五颜六色的纸张,以及从坐落于多利埃街十四号的弗罗尔与麦唐纳公司的堆置场以每吨二十一先令的代价买来的优质阿布拉莫木炭。他把这些都十字交叉地堆成不规则的多角形,划了一根安全火柴,在纸张的三个角落点上火。这样,燃料里的碳和氢这两种元素就与空气中的氧气自由化合,散发出潜在的能量。

39Of what similar apparitions did Stephen think?

39斯蒂芬的头脑里浮现出什么样类似的幻影呢?

40Of others elsewhere in other times who, kneeling on one knee or on two, had kindled fires for him, of Brother Michael in the infirmary of the college of the Society of Jesus at Clongowes Wood, Sallins, in the county of Kildare: of his father, Simon Dedalus, in an unfurnished room of his first residence in Dublin, number thirteen Fitzgibbon street: of his godmother Miss Kate Morkan in the house of her dying sister Miss Julia Morkan at 15 Usher's Island: of his aunt Sara, wife of Richie (Richard) Goulding, in the kitchen of their lodgings at 62 Clanbrassil street: of his mother Mary, wife of Simon Dedalus, in the kitchen of number twelve North Richmond street on the morning of the feast of Saint Francis Xavier 1898: of the dean of studies, Father Butt, in the physics' theatre of university College, 16 Stephen's Green, north: of his sister Dilly (Delia) in his father's house in Cabra.

40他联想到旁的时候在旁的地方跪着单膝或双膝曾经替他生火的其他那些人;迈克尔修士,在坐落于基尔代尔郡塞林斯的耶稣会克朗戈伍斯公学校医院的病房里。他父亲西蒙·迪达勒斯,在菲茨吉本街门牌十五号那间没有家具等设备的屋子里,而那是他在都柏林的头一个住所。他的教母凯特·莫坎小姐--住在厄谢尔岛她那奄奄一息的姐姐朱莉姬·莫坎小姐家里。他的舅妈萨拉--里奇(理查德)·古尔丁的妻子,在他们那坐落于克兰布拉西尔街门牌六十二号寓所的厨房里。他的母亲玛丽--西蒙·迪达勒斯的妻子,那是在北里奇蒙街门牌十二号的厨房里,时间是一八九八年圣方济各·沙勿略节日的早晨。副教导主任巴特神父,在“斯蒂芬草地”北区门牌十六号的大学物理实验室里。他的妹妹迪丽(迪丽姬),在他父亲那坐落于卡布拉的家里。

41What did Stephen see on raising his gaze to the height of a yard from the fire towards the opposite wall?

41斯蒂芬把视线从壁炉往上移到对面墙上一码高的地方。他望到了什么?

42Under a row of five coiled spring housebells a curvilinear rope, stretched between two holdfasts athwart across the recess beside the chimney pier, from which hung four smallsized square handkerchiefs folded unattached consecutively in adjacent rectangles and one pair of ladies' grey hose with Lisle suspender tops and feet in their habitual position clamped by three erect wooden pegs two at their outer extremities and the third at their point of junction.

42那是一排五个家用螺形弹簧按铃,下面,在烟囱那凹进去的间壁两侧的两个钩子之间,弯弯地横系着一根绳子,上面挂着四块对折的小方手绢:一块挨着一块,彼此并不重叠,呈长方形。另外还有一双灰色长统女袜,袜帮是用莱尔棉线 织的,脚脖子以下是通常的样式。两端各用一个木制直夹子夹起,第三个夹子则夹在胯间重叠的部分。

43What did Bloom see on the range?

43布卢姆在铁灶上瞧见了什么?

44On the right (smaller) hob a blue enamelled saucepan: on the left (larger) hob a black iron kettle.

44右边(较小)的锅架上摆着个带柄的蓝色搪瓷小平底锅,左边较大)的壶架上是黑色的铁壶。

45What did Bloom do at the range?

45布卢姆在铁灶上做些什么?

46He removed the saucepan to the left hob, rose and carried the iron kettle to the sink in order to tap the current by turning the faucet to let it flow.

46他把平底锅挪到左边的壶架上,站起来,又将铁壶送到洗涤槽那儿去。这样,扭开自来水龙头就可以放水灌壶了。

47Did it flow?

47水流出来了吗?

48Yes. From Roundwood reservoir in county Wicklow of a cubic capacity of 2400 million gallons, percolating through a subterranean aqueduct of filter mains of single and double pipeage constructed at an initial plant cost of 5 pounds per linear yard by way of the Dargle, Rathdown, Glen of the Downs and Callowhill to the 26 acre reservoir at Stillorgan, a distance of 22 statute miles, and thence, through a system of relieving tanks, by a gradient of 250 feet to the city boundary at Eustace bridge, upper Leeson street, though from prolonged summer drouth and daily supply of 12 1/2 million gallons the water had fallen below the sill of the overflow weir for which reason the borough surveyor and waterworks engineer, Mr Spencer Harty, C. E., on the instructions of the waterworks committee had prohibited the use of municipal water for purposes other than those of consumption (envisaging the possibility of recourse being had to the impotable water of the Grand and Royal canals as in 1893) particularly as the South Dublin Guardians, notwithstanding their ration of 15 gallons per day per pauper supplied through a 6 inch meter, had been convicted of a wastage of 20,000 gallons per night by a reading of their meter on the affirmation of the law agent of the corporation, Mr Ignatius Rice, solicitor, thereby acting to the detriment of another section of the public, selfsupporting taxpayers, solvent, sound.

48流了。从威克洛郡的容积二十四亿加仑的朗德伍德水库,流经达格尔河、拉思唐、唐斯峡谷和卡洛希尔,流进坐落于斯蒂尔奥根那二十六英亩的水库,中间的距离是二十二法定英里。这条有着过滤装置的第一期施工的单管及复管地下引水渠,根据合同直线每码的铺设费为五英镑。再由一批水堰进行调节,以二百五十英尺的坡度在上利森街的尤斯塔斯桥流到本市界内。但是由于夏季久旱,再加上每天供水一千二百五十万加仑,水位已降到低于排水口。都市监察官兼水道局技官、土木工程师斯潘塞·哈蒂奉水道局的指示(鉴于有可能会像一八九三年那样被迫利用大运河和皇家运河那不宜饮用的水),除了饮用外,下令一律禁止使用市里供应的自来水。尤其是南都柏林济贫院,尽管限定用六英寸的计量器,每个贫民每日配给十五加仑水,然而在市政府法律顾问、辩护律师伊格内修斯·赖斯的监督下,经查表证实,每夜要浪费两万加仑水,从而使院外的社会各阶层(也就是自费并有支付能力的纳税者们)蒙受损害。

49What in water did Bloom, waterlover, drawer of water, watercarrier, returning to the range, admire?

49回到铁灶后,这位爱水、放水、运水的布卢姆,赞美了水的哪些属性?

50Its universality: its democratic equality and constancy to its nature in seeking its own level: its vastness in the ocean of Mercator's projection: its unplumbed profundity in the Sundam trench of the Pacific exceeding 8000 fathoms: the restlessness of its waves and surface particles visiting in turn all points of its seaboard: the independence of its units: the variability of states of sea: its hydrostatic quiescence in calm: its hydrokinetic turgidity in neap and spring tides: its subsidence after devastation: its sterility in the circumpolar icecaps, arctic and antarctic: its climatic and commercial significance: its preponderance of 3 to 1 over the dry land of the globe: its indisputable hegemony extending in square leagues over all the region below the subequatorial tropic of Capricorn: the multisecular stability of its primeval basin: its luteofulvous bed: its capacity to dissolve and hold in solution all soluble substances including millions of tons of the most precious metals: its slow erosions of peninsulas and islands, its persistent formation of homothetic islands, peninsulas and downwardtending promontories: its alluvial deposits: its weight and volume and density: its imperturbability in lagoons and highland tarns: its gradation of colours in the torrid and temperate and frigid zones: its vehicular ramifications in continental lakecontained streams and confluent oceanflowing rivers with their tributaries and transoceanic currents, gulfstream, north and south equatorial courses: its violence in seaquakes, waterspouts, Artesian wells, eruptions, torrents, eddies, freshets, spates, groundswells, watersheds, waterpartings, geysers, cataracts, whirlpools, maelstroms, inundations, deluges, cloudbursts: its vast circumterrestrial ahorizontal curve: its secrecy in springs and latent humidity, revealed by rhabdomantic or hygrometric instruments and exemplified by the well by the hole in the wall at Ashtown gate, saturation of air, distillation of dew: the simplicity of its composition, two constituent parts of hydrogen with one constituent part of oxygen: its healing virtues: its buoyancy in the waters of the Dead Sea: its persevering penetrativeness in runnels, gullies, inadequate dams, leaks on shipboard: its properties for cleansing, quenching thirst and fire, nourishing vegetation: its infallibility as paradigm and paragon: its metamorphoses as vapour, mist, cloud, rain, sleet, snow, hail: its strength in rigid hydrants: its variety of forms in loughs and bays and gulfs and bights and guts and lagoons and atolls and archipelagos and sounds and fjords and minches and tidal estuaries and arms of sea: its solidity in glaciers, icebergs, icefloes: its docility in working hydraulic millwheels, turbines, dynamos, electric power stations, bleachworks, tanneries, scutchmills: its utility in canals, rivers, if navigable, floating and graving docks: its potentiality derivable from harnessed tides or watercourses falling from level to level: its submarine fauna and flora (anacoustic, photophobe), numerically, if not literally, the inhabitants of the globe: its ubiquity as constituting 90 percent of the human body: the noxiousness of its effluvia in lacustrine marshes, pestilential fens, faded flowerwater, stagnant pools in the waning moon.

50它的普遍性,它的民主的平等性,以及保持着它自身求平的本质。用墨卡托投影法在地图上所标示出的浩淼的海洋;太平洋中巽他海沟那超过八千噚的不可测的深度;永不消停、后浪推前浪地冲刷着海岸线每一部位的波涛以及水面上的微粒子;水的单位粒子的独立性;海洋变幻莫测;根据液体静力学,风平浪静时它纹丝不动;根据液体动力学,小潮大潮时它便涨了起来。暴风雨后一片沉寂;北极圈与南极圈冰冠地带的不毛性以及对气候及贸易的影响;跟地球上的陆地相比占三对一优势;它在亚赤道带南回归线以南的整个区域延伸无数平方海里的绝对权威;其在原始海盆里数千万年以来所保持的稳定性;它那橙红色海床;它那把包括数百万吨贵金属在内的可溶解物质加以溶解,并使之保持在溶解状态的性能;它对半岛和有下陷趋势的岬角所产生的缓慢的浸蚀作用;其冲积层;其重量、容积与浓度;它在咸水湖、高山湖里的静谧;其色调因热带、温带和寒带而变为或浓或淡;与陆上的湖泊、溪流及支流汇合后注入海洋的河川,还有横跨大洋的潮流所构成的运输网。沿着赤道下面的水路自北向南的湾流;海震、水龙卷、自流井、喷泉、湍流、漩涡、河水暴涨、倾盆大雨、海啸、流域、分水岭、间歇泉、大瀑布、漩流、海漩、洪水、泛滥、暴雨等滥施淫威;环绕陆地的上层土壤那漫长的曲线;源泉的奥秘可用探矿杖来占卜或用湿度测定器来揭示;阿什汤大门的墙壁上的洞、空气的饱和与露水的蒸发能够证明那潜在的湿度;水的成分单纯,是氢二、氧一的化合物;水的疗效;水的死海里的浮力;它在小溪、涧谷、水坝的缝隙、船舷的裂口所显示的顽强的浸透性;它那清除污垢、解渴、灭火、滋养植物的性能;作为模范和典型,它的可靠性;它变化多端:雾、霭、云、雨、麦、雪、雹;并在坚固的消防龙头上发挥出压力;而且千姿百态:湖泊、湖岔、内海、海湾、海岬、环礁湖、环状珊瑚岛、多岛海、海峡、峡江、明奇、潮汐港湾、港湾;冰河、冰山、浮动冰原显示出它是何等坚硬;在运转水车、水轮机、发电机、发电厂、漂白作坊、鞣皮厂、打麻厂时,它又是那样驯顺;它在运河、可航行的河川、浮船坞和干船坞所起的作用;潮汐的动力化或利用水路的落差使它得以发挥潜力;海底那些成群的动物和植物(无听觉,怕光)虽然并非名副其实地栖息在地球上,论数目却占地球上生物的一大半;水无所不在,占人体的百分之九十;在沼泽地、闹瘟疫的湿地、馊了的花露水以及月亏期那淤积污浊的水塘子,水所散发的恶臭充满了毒气。

51Having set the halffilled kettle on the now burning coals, why did he return to the stillflowing tap?

51他把灌了半下子水的壶放在燃旺了的煤火上之后,为什么又折回到还在哗哗流着水的自来水龙头那儿去呢?

52To wash his soiled hands with a partially consumed tablet of Barrington's lemonflavoured soap, to which paper still adhered, (bought thirteen hours previously for fourpence and still unpaid for), in fresh cold neverchanging everchanging water and dry them, face and hands, in a long redbordered holland cloth passed over a wooden revolving roller.

52为了把那块已用掉一部分、还粘着包装纸、散发着柠檬气味的巴灵顿牌肥皂(价值四便士,是十二个钟头以前赊购的)涂在脏手上,在新鲜冰凉、永恒不变而又不断变化的水里洗净,用那条套在旋转式木棍子上的红边长麻布揩拭脸和双手。

53What reason did Stephen give for declining Bloom's offer?

53斯蒂芬是以什么理由来拒绝接受布卢姆的提议的?

54That he was hydrophobe, hating partial contact by immersion or total by submersion in cold water, (his last bath having taken place in the month of October of the preceding year), disliking the aqueous substances of glass and crystal, distrusting aquacities of thought and language.

54他说自己患有恐水病,不论是局部浸入也罢,还是全身泡进去也罢,讨厌与冷水接触。(他是头年十月问最后一次洗澡的);不喜欢玻璃和水晶这样的水状物质,对思维与语言的流动性也疑惑重重。

55What impeded Bloom from giving Stephen counsels of hygiene and prophylactic to which should be added suggestions concerning a preliminary wetting of the head and contraction of the muscles with rapid splashing of the face and neck and thoracic and epigastric region in case of sea or river bathing, the parts of the human anatomy most sensitive to cold being the nape, stomach and thenar or sole of foot?

55布卢姆原想对斯蒂芬做一些有关卫生和预防方面的劝告,并且想告诉他,在进行海水浴或河水浴之前,应该先把头部弄湿,还往面庞、颈背、胸部与上腹部猛然浇水,禆使筋肉收缩,因为人体对低温最敏感的部位乃是后颈、胃部和脚心。然而他为什么又放弃了这个念头呢?

56The incompatibility of aquacity with the erratic originality of genius.

56因为水的特性与天才那乖僻的独创性是互不相容的。

57What additional didactic counsels did he similarly repress?

57另外他还同样抑制住了什么带有说教意味的劝告呢?

58Dietary: concerning the respective percentage of protein and caloric energy in bacon, salt ling and butter, the absence of the former in the lastnamed and the abundance of the latter in the firstnamed.

58营养食谱:关于熏猪肉、腌鳕鱼和黄油中所含有的蛋白质与热量的百分比。黄油缺乏前者,熏猪肉富于后者。

59Which seemed to the host to be the predominant qualities of his guest?

59在东道主眼中,客人最显著的长处是什么?

60Confidence in himself, an equal and opposite power of abandonment and recuperation.

60自信,有着自我放任和自我恢复这两种同等的而又相反的能力。

61What concomitant phenomenon took place in the vessel of liquid by the agency of fire?

61由于火的作用,水容器里发生了何等伴随而至的现象?

62The phenomenon of ebullition. Fanned by a constant updraught of ventilation between the kitchen and the chimneyflue, ignition was communicated from the faggots of precombustible fuel to polyhedral masses of bituminous coal, containing in compressed mineral form the foliated fossilised decidua of primeval forests which had in turn derived their vegetative existence from the sun, primal source of heat (radiant), transmitted through omnipresent luminiferous diathermanous ether. Heat (convected), a mode of motion developed by such combustion, was constantly and increasingly conveyed from the source of calorification to the liquid contained in the vessel, being radiated through the uneven unpolished dark surface of the metal iron, in part reflected, in part absorbed, in part transmitted, gradually raising the temperature of the water from normal to boiling point, a rise in temperature expressible as the result of an expenditure of 72 thermal units needed to raise 1 pound of water from 50 degrees to 212 degrees Fahrenheit.

62沸腾现象。自厨房至烟囱的孔道,不断地向上通风,灼热的火被它煽得从成束的易燃柴禾延烧到多面体烟煤堆上。这种煤炭含有原始森林的落叶堆积后凝缩而成的矿物状化石;森林之发育生长靠的是热(辐射性)源--太阳,而热又是由那普遍存在、传光并透热的能媒传导的。燃烧所引起的运动形式之一--热(对流传热),不断地、加速度地从热源体传导给容器中的液体,由那凹凸不平、未经打磨的黑色铸铁面把热向周围发散出去;一部分反射回来,一部分被吸收,另一部分被传导,使水的温度从常温逐渐升到沸点。这种温度的上升可作为消费结果标志如下:将一磅水从华氏五十度加热到二百十二度,需耗七十二热量单位。

63What announced the accomplishment of this rise in temperature?

63温度上升完毕是怎样显示出来的?

64A double falciform ejection of water vapour from under the kettlelid at both sides simultaneously.

64从壶盖下面同时向两侧喷出两股镰刀形状的水蒸气。

65For what personal purpose could Bloom have applied the water so boiled?

65布卢姆能用这样煮沸的水办些什么个人的事?

66To shave himself.

66剃自己的胡子。

67What advantages attended shaving by night?

67夜里剃胡子有什么好处?

68A softer beard: a softer brush if intentionally allowed to remain from shave to shave in its agglutinated lather: a softer skin if unexpectedly encountering female acquaintances in remote places at incustomary hours: quiet reflections upon the course of the day: a cleaner sensation when awaking after a fresher sleep since matutinal noises, premonitions and perturbations, a clattered milkcan, a postman's double knock, a paper read, reread while lathering, relathering the same spot, a shock, a shoot, with thought of aught he sought though fraught with nought might cause a faster rate of shaving and a nick on which incision plaster with precision cut and humected and applied adhered: which was to be done.

68胡子柔软一些。如果剃完胡子后,故意把刷子浸泡在浓肥皂液里,下次用的时候,刷子就会柔软一些了。万一于意外的时刻在远处同相识的女人邂逅,皮肤还是光滑的好。一边剃胡子,一边还安详地回顾当天的事情。能够睡得更清爽一些,一觉醒来,感到更洁净利落。因为一到早晨就有种种噪音,心里又悬念不安,牛奶罐咣当咣当响,邮递员连敲了两遍门。读了份报纸,一边重读一边涂肥皂液,在同一个地方又涂上肥皂液;把一些微不足道的事想成了不起。于是受一次冲击,挨一个打击,就加快了剃刀的速度,割了个口子,这时就铰下一块不大不小的橡皮膏,润湿后贴上去。只好这么样。

69Why did absence of light disturb him less than presence of noise?

69为什么缺乏光线不像噪音的存在那么使他烦恼?

70Because of the surety of the sense of touch in his firm full masculine feminine passive active hand.

70因为他这双既结实又肥胖、既是男性的又是女性的、既被动又主动的手,有着准确的触感。

71What quality did it (his hand) possess but with what counteracting influence?

71它(他的手)具有什么特性,然而又伴随着什么抵消作用?

72The operative surgical quality but that he was reluctant to shed human blood even when the end justified the means, preferring, in their natural order, heliotherapy, psychophysicotherapeutics, osteopathic surgery.

72它具有动外科手术的特性,然而即便在目的足以证明手段是正当的情况下,他也决不愿意让人流血,而更喜欢顺应自然法则的日光疗法、心理生理疗法以及整骨外科手术。

73What lay under exposure on the lower, middle and upper shelves of the kitchen dresser, opened by Bloom?

73布卢姆打开厨房碗柜:下、中、上层都露出些什么?

74On the lower shelf five vertical breakfast plates, six horizontal breakfast saucers on which rested inverted breakfast cups, a moustachecup, uninverted, and saucer of Crown Derby, four white goldrimmed eggcups, an open shammy purse displaying coins, mostly copper, and a phial of aromatic (violet) comfits. On the middle shelf a chipped eggcup containing pepper, a drum of table salt, four conglomerated black olives in oleaginous paper, an empty pot of Plumtree's potted meat, an oval wicker basket bedded with fibre and containing one Jersey pear, a halfempty bottle of William Gilbey and Co's white invalid port, half disrobed of its swathe of coralpink tissue paper, a packet of Epps's soluble cocoa, five ounces of Anne Lynch's choice tea at 2/- per lb in a crinkled leadpaper bag, a cylindrical canister containing the best crystallised lump sugar, two onions, one, the larger, Spanish, entire, the other, smaller, Irish, bisected with augmented surface and more redolent, a jar of Irish Model Dairy's cream, a jug of brown crockery containing a naggin and a quarter of soured adulterated milk, converted by heat into water, acidulous serum and semisolidified curds, which added to the quantity subtracted for Mr Bloom's and Mrs Fleming's breakfasts, made one imperial pint, the total quantity originally delivered, two cloves, a halfpenny and a small dish containing a slice of fresh ribsteak. On the upper shelf a battery of jamjars (empty) of various sizes and proveniences.

74下层竖立着五个早餐用的盘子,平放着六个早餐用的垫盘,盘子上各扣着一只早餐用的杯子,还有一只并非扣放着的搪须杯和德比制造的有着王冠图案的垫盘,四只金边白色蛋杯,一个敞着口的岩羚羊皮包,里面露出些硬币,大多是铜市。还有一个小玻璃瓶,里面装着加了芳香剂的糖果(紫罗兰色的)。中层放着一只盛了胡椒粉的有缺口的蛋杯,饭桌上还摆着那种鼓状食盐瓶,用油纸包着的四颗粘成一团的黑色橄榄,一听李树商标肉罐头的空罐儿,垫着纤丝的椭圆形柳条筐里是一只泽西梨,喝剩下的半瓶威廉·吉尔比公司 釀造的药用白葡萄酒(裹在瓶子上的粉珊瑚色薄绘纸已剥掉了一半),一包埃普斯公司制造的速溶可可;一只绉锡纸袋里装着安妮·林奇公司出品的五英两特级茶叶,每磅二先令;一只圆筒形罐子,盛着优质结晶角沙糖;两颗葱头,较大的那颗西班牙种的是完整的,较小的那颗爱尔兰种的已经切成两瓣儿,面积扩大了,气味也更冲鼻了;一罐爱尔兰模范奶场的奶酪,一只褐色陶罐,盛着四分之一品脱零四分之一兑了水并变酸了的牛奶(由于炎热,它已化为水、酸性乳浆与半固体凝乳,再加上布卢姆先生和弗莱明大妈作为早餐消费掉的部分,就足够一英品脱了,相当于原先送来的总量);两朵丁香花蕾,一枚半便士硬币和盛有一片新鲜排骨肉的一个小碟子。上层是大小和产地各不相同的一排果酱罐。

75What attracted his attention lying on the apron of the dresser?

75撂在碗柜檐板上的什么东西引起了他的注意?

76Four polygonal fragments of two lacerated scarlet betting tickets, numbered 8 87, 88 6.

76两张撕成了四块多角形碎片的深红色赛马券,号码是:887,886。

77What reminiscences temporarily corrugated his brow?

77由于想起了什么,他一时皱起眉来?

78Reminiscences of coincidences, truth stranger than fiction, preindicative of the result of the Gold Cup flat handicap, the official and definitive result of which he had read in the Evening Telegraph, late pink edition, in the cabman's shelter, at Butt bridge.

78他想起了金质奖杯平地障碍赛的结果曾怎样通过一连串巧合预示了出来。事实真是比虚构还要奇妙:他是在巴特桥的马车夫棚里,在《电讯晚报》的粉色最终版上读到这场赛马正式的确切结果的。

79Where had previous intimations of the result, effected or projected, been received by him?

79他是在哪里客观地或主观地接受关于胜败结果的预告的?

80In Bernard Kiernan's licensed premises 8, 9 and 10 little Britain street: in David Byrne's licensed premises, 14 Duke street: in O'Connell street lower, outside Graham Lemon's when a dark man had placed in his hand a throwaway (subsequently thrown away), advertising Elijah, restorer of the church in Zion: in Lincoln place outside the premises of F. W. Sweny and Co (Limited), dispensing chemists, when, when Frederick M. (Bantam) Lyons had rapidly and successively requested, perused and restituted the copy of the current issue of the Freeman's Journal and National Press which he had been about to throw away (subsequently thrown away), he had proceeded towards the oriental edifice of the Turkish and Warm Baths, 11 Leinster street, with the light of inspiration shining in his countenance and bearing in his arms the secret of the race, graven in the language of prediction.

80在坐落于小不列颠街八、九、十号的伯纳德·基尔南那特准卖酒的店家里;在公爵街十四号戴维·伯恩那特准卖酒的店家里;在下奥康内尔街格雷厄姆·莱蒙那家店铺外面,当时一个阴沉沉的人曾把一张传单塞到他手里(后来被他丢掉了),而那是给锡安教会的重建者以利亚做的广告;在林肯广场上,药剂师们开的F·W·斯威尼公司(股份有限)外面,他正要把当天的《自由人报与国民报》丢掉(后来还是被他丢掉了)时,弗雷德里克·M.(班塔姆)莱昂斯迫不及待地连声向他把报讨了去,读罢,又还给了他;接着他就朝着坐落在兰斯特尔街十一号的土耳其蒸汽浴那东方式建筑踱去。在灵感的照耀下,他容光焕发,双臂搂着胜负的秘密,那是用预言镌刻下来的。

81What qualifying considerations allayed his perturbations?

81什么样的缓解的考虑减轻了他心神的不安?

82The difficulties of interpretation since the significance of any event followed its occurrence as variably as the acoustic report followed the electrical discharge and of counterestimating against an actual loss by failure to interpret the total sum of possible losses proceeding originally from a successful interpretation.

82事件发生后,它所带来的结局各有不同,正如放电后传来的音响那样难以解释。即使原来做的是获胜的解释,由于对万一输了时的损失总额不能正确地加以估价,究竟对现实的损害可能有多大,心中是没有谱儿的。

83His mood?

83他的心境如何?

84He had not risked, he did not expect, he had not been disappointed, he was satisfied.

84他没有冒险,无所期待,不曾失望,心满意足。

85What satisfied him?

85什么使他心满意足?

86To have sustained no positive loss. To have brought a positive gain to others. Light to the gentiles.

86他没有蒙受实质上的损失。使旁人获得了实质上的利益。外邦人的光。

87How did Bloom prepare a collation for a gentile?

87布卢姆是怎样为那个外邦人准备夜宵儿的?

88He poured into two teacups two level spoonfuls, four in all, of Epps's soluble cocoa and proceeded according to the directions for use printed on the label, to each adding after sufficient time for infusion the prescribed ingredients for diffusion in the manner and in the quantity prescribed.

88他往两个茶杯里各舀了满满二平调羹--统共四调羹埃普斯牌速溶可可,根据商标上所印用法说明,给它充分的时间去溶化,再把指定的添味料按照规定的分量和方法兑进去,让它散开来。

89What supererogatory marks of special hospitality did the host show his guest?

89东道主对客人额外表示了什么特别殷勤的款待?

90Relinquishing his symposiarchal right to the moustache cup of imitation Crown Derby presented to him by his only daughter, Millicent (Milly), he substituted a cup identical with that of his guest and served extraordinarily to his guest and, in reduced measure, to himself the viscous cream ordinarily reserved for the breakfast of his wife Marion (Molly).

90他没有使用其独生女米莉森特(米莉)送给他的有着王冠图案仿造德比的搪须杯,而这是他作为东道主理应享受的权利。他用的是跟客人一佯的茶碗,还给客人放了大量平素留给玛莉恩(摩莉)早餐时吃的浓奶油,自己却只适度地放了一点。

91Was the guest conscious of and did he acknowledge these marks of hospitality?

91客人可曾意识到招待得这样亲切,并表示了感谢?

92His attention was directed to them by his host jocosely, and he accepted them seriously as they drank in jocoserious silence Epps's massproduct, the creature cocoa.

92他的东道主用打趣的口吻提醒他注意一下自己尽的这番心意,他一本正经地领了情。这当儿他们正半庄半谐、一声不响地喝着埃普斯公司大量生产的保健滋补的可可。

93Were there marks of hospitality which he contemplated but suppressed, reserving them for another and for himself on future occasions to complete the act begun?

93东道主是不是还有苗头想要在其他方面尽点心意,却抑制住了,留待日后由另一个人或者由自己来完成今天开始的行动?

94The reparation of a fissure of the length of 1 1/2 inches in the right side of his guest's jacket. A gift to his guest of one of the four lady's handkerchiefs, if and when ascertained to be in a presentable condition.

94他的客人身上那件上衣右侧有个一英寸半的裂口,得给缝上。只要弄清那四条女用手绢中的哪一条拿得出手,就把它送给客人。

95Who drank more quickly?

95谁喝得快一些?

96Bloom, having the advantage of ten seconds at the initiation and taking, from the concave surface of a spoon along the handle of which a steady flow of heat was conducted, three sips to his opponent's one, six to two, nine to three.

96布卢姆。他比客人早喝了十秒钟,从不断地传热的调羹柄下端的凹面啜可可的速度是:对方每啜一口,他啜三口;对方每啜两口,他啜六口;对方每啜三口,他就啜九口。

97What cerebration accompanied his frequentative act?

97他这种反复的行为引起了什么思考活动?

98Concluding by inspection but erroneously that his silent companion was engaged in mental composition he reflected on the pleasures derived from literature of instruction rather than of amusement as he himself had applied to the works of William Shakespeare more than once for the solution of difficult problems in imaginary or real life.

98他根据观察误以为默默无言的伙伴正在打腹稿。他想道,使自己得到乐趣的与其说是娱乐性的文学,毋宁说是教诲性的文学。为了解答想像中或现实生活中的疑难问题,他本人就曾不只一次地向威廉·莎士比亚的作品请教过。

99Had he found their solution?

99他从中得到解答了吗?

100In spite of careful and repeated reading of certain classical passages, aided by a glossary, he had derived imperfect conviction from the text, the answers not bearing in all points.

100尽管借助于一部词汇辞典,他曾仔细反复阅读过某些经典篇章,然而总也未能在每一点上都获得妥切的解答,所以他从原著中只得到了不充分的信念。

101What lines concluded his first piece of original verse written by him, potential poet, at the age of 11 in 1877 on the occasion of the offering of three prizes of 10/-, 5/- and 2/6 respectively for competition by the Shamrock, a weekly newspaper?

101一八七七年,满十一岁可能成为诗人的布卢姆,为参加《三叶苜蓿》周刊征文比赛(奖金分别为十先令、五先令、二先令半)而作的第一首诗的最后一节是怎么写的?

102An ambition to squint

102心怀奢望盼一睹,

103At my verses in print

103小诗排印成铅字,

104Makes me hope that for these you'll find room?.

104倘蒙不弃予采录,

105If you so condescend

105但愿赐之以篇幅,

106Then please place at the end

106末端乞将敝名署,

107The name of yours truly, L. Bloom.

107我名叫利·布卢姆。

108Did he find four separating forces between his temporary guest and him?

108他曾否发现有四种要素在使自己和这位不速之客之间产生隔阂?

109Name, age, race, creed.

109姓名,年龄,种族,信仰。

110What anagrams had he made on his name in youth?

110少年时代,他根据自己的姓名编过哪些字谜?

111Leopold Bloom

111利奥波德·布卢姆Leopold Bloom

112Ellpodbomool

112艾尔波德勃姆尔 Ellpodbomool

113Molldopeloob

113莫尔德皮卢布 Molldopeloob

114Bollopedoom

114勃罗皮杜姆 Bollopedoom

115Old Ollebo, M. P.

115下议院议员老奥列勃 Old Ollebo,M.P.

116What acrostic upon the abbreviation of his first name had he (kinetic poet) sent to Miss Marion (Molly) Tweedy on the 14 February 1888?

116一八八八年二月十四日,他(动态诗人)用自己的教名首字写成怎样一首藏头诗(,寄给了玛莉恩(摩莉)·特威迪?

117Poets oft have sung in rhyme

117诗人频用韵文写,

118Of music sweet their praise divine.

118神妙赞歌圣音乐,

119Let them hymn it nine times nine.

119九九八十一重叠,

120Dearer far than song or wine.

120胜似诗酒情切切,

121You are mine. The world is mine.

121咸属我卿与世界。

122What had prevented him from completing a topical song (music by R. G. Johnston) on the events of the past, or fixtures for the actual, years, entitled If Brian Boru could but come back and see old Dublin now, commissioned by Michael Gunn, lessee of the Gaiety Theatre, 46, 47, 48, 49 South King street, and to be introduced into the sixth scene, the valley of diamonds, of the second edition (30 January 1893) of the grand annual Christmas pantomime Sinbad the Sailor (produced by R Shelton 26 December 1892, written by Greenleaf Whittier, scenery by George A. Jackson and Cecil Hicks, costumes by Mrs and Miss Whelan under the personal supervision of Mrs Michael Gunn, ballets by Jessie Noir, harlequinade by Thomas Otto) and sung by Nelly Bouverist, principal girl?

122是什么阻止他去完成那首题名《要是布赖恩·勃鲁如今回来看到了老都柏林》的主题歌(并由R.G. 约翰逊配乐)的呢?那本是坐落于南国王街门牌四十六、四十七、四十八、四十九号的欢乐剧场的承租人迈克尔·冈恩 约他编写的。该歌原来预定插在照例于圣诞节期间公演的大型哑剧《水手辛伯达》第六场《钻石谷》(一八九三年第二版,作者:格林利夫·惠蒂尔,舞台装置:乔治·A·杰克逊和塞西尔·希克斯;服装:惠兰太太与惠兰小姐;导演:R. 谢尔顿;一八九二年十二月二十六日在迈克尔·冈恩夫人亲自监督下演出,芭蕾舞女演员为杰西·诺亚,丑角为托马斯·奥托)中,是由女主角内莉·布弗里斯特演唱的。

123Firstly, oscillation between events of imperial and of local interest, the anticipated diamond jubilee of Queen Victoria (born 1820, acceded 1837) and the posticipated opening of the new municipal fish market: secondly, apprehension of opposition from extreme circles on the questions of the respective visits of Their Royal Highnesses the duke and duchess of York (real) and of His Majesty King Brian Boru (imaginary): thirdly, a conflict between professional etiquette and professional emulation concerning the recent erections of the Grand Lyric Hall on Burgh Quay and the Theatre Royal in Hawkins street: fourthly, distraction resultant from compassion for Nelly Bouverist's non-intellectual, non-political, non-topical expression of countenance and concupiscence caused by Nelly Bouverist's revelations of white articles of non-intellectual, non-political, non-topical underclothing while she (Nelly Bouverist) was in the articles: fifthly, the difficulties of the selection of appropriate music and humorous allusions from Everybody's Book of Jokes (1000 pages and a laugh in every one): sixthly, the rhymes, homophonous and cacophonous, associated with the names of the new lord mayor, Daniel Tallon, the new high sheriff, Thomas Pile and the new solicitorgeneral, Dunbar Plunket Barton.

123首先,有关皇室与当地的两档子事,歌中究竟写哪一桩,令人难以做出抉择。要么是提前描写维多利亚女王(一八二0 年出生,一八三七年即位)的六十周年大庆;要么是将新修建的市营鱼市开张典礼的日期 移后。第二,深恐皇族约克公爵和公爵夫人 (实有其人)以及布赖恩·勃鲁国王陛下(虚构的人物)分别前来访问一事,会招致来自左右两方面的反对。第三,新峻工的伯格码头区的大歌剧厅和霍金斯街的皇家剧场 ,存在着职业的礼仪与职业的竞争之间的矛盾。第四,由于内莉·布弗里斯特的那种非理性、非政治、不时兴的容貌会引起观众的同情;内莉·布弗里斯特身穿非理性、非政治、不时兴的白色衬衣,当她(内莉·布弗里斯特)表演时一旦将衬衣袒露出来,会撩拨观众的情欲,令人担心会使观众神魂颠倒。第五,不论是挑选适当的乐曲还是从《笑话共赏集》(共一千页,每个笑话都令人捧腹)里选一些滑稽的隐喻都是困难的。第六,这首主题歌不论谐不谐音,都与新任市长大人丹尼尔·塔仑、新任行政司法长官托马斯·派尔以及新任副检察长邓巴·普伦凯特·巴顿的姓名有联系。

124What relation existed between their ages?

124他们的年龄之间有什么关系?

12516 years before in 1888 when Bloom was of Stephen's present age Stephen was 6. 16 years after in 1920 when Stephen would be of Bloom's present age Bloom would be 54. In 1936 when Bloom would be 70 and Stephen 54 their ages initially in the ratio of 16 to 0 would be as 17 1/2 to 13 1/2, the proportion increasing and the disparity diminishing according as arbitrary future years were added, for if the proportion existing in 1883 had continued immutable, conceiving that to be possible, till then 1904 when Stephen was 22 Bloom would be 374 and in 1920 when Stephen would be 38, as Bloom then was, Bloom would be 646 while in 1952 when Stephen would have attained the maximum postdiluvian age of 70 Bloom, being 1190 years alive having been born in the year 714, would have surpassed by 221 years the maximum antediluvian age, that of Methusalah, 969 years, while, if Stephen would continue to live until he would attain that age in the year 3072 A.D., Bloom would have been obliged to have been alive 83,300 years, having been obliged to have been born in the year 81,396 B.C.

125十六年前的一八八八年,当布卢姆在眼下的斯蒂芬这个年龄时,斯蒂芬是六岁。十六年后的一九二0年,当斯蒂芬到了布卢姆那个年龄时,布卢姆已经交五十四岁了。到一九三六年布卢姆年届七十、斯蒂芬交五十四岁时,他们二人的年龄比率就由原来的十六比零变成十七点五比十三点五。将来随着彼此年龄的任意增长,比率会越来越大,差距则越来越小。因为倘若一八八三年存在的那个比率有可能一成不变地延续下去,那么一九0 四年,当斯蒂芬二十二岁时,布卢姆就应该是三百七十四岁了;而到了一九二0 年,当斯蒂芬三十八岁(也就是布卢姆现在这个年龄)时,布卢姆就应该是六百四十六岁了;而一九五二年,当斯蒂芬活到大洪水之后的最高年龄七十岁时,布卢姆就已交一千一百九十岁,生年为七一四年;比大洪水之前的最长寿者,也就是活到九百六十九岁的玛土撒拉还要多二百二十一岁。倘若斯蒂芬继续活下去,在公元三0 七二年达到这个岁数,布卢姆就已经是八万三千三百岁了,而他的生年按说是纪元前八一三九六年 。

126What events might nullify these calculations?

126什么事会使这些计算归于无效呢?

127The cessation of existence of both or either, the inauguration of a new era or calendar, the annihilation of the world and consequent extermination of the human species, inevitable but impredictable.

127双方或其中一方停止生存;制定出一种新纪元或历法,或世界的灭亡所导致的不可避免而又难以预料的人类之灭绝。

128How many previous encounters proved their preexisting acquaintance?

128他们以前遇见过几次,从而能够证明彼此是老相识?

129Two. The first in the lilacgarden of Matthew Dillon's house, Medina Villa, Kimmage road, Roundtown, in 1887, in the company of Stephen's mother, Stephen being then of the age of 5 and reluctant to give his hand in salutation. The second in the coffeeroom of Breslin's hotel on a rainy Sunday in the January of 1892, in the company of Stephen's father and Stephen's granduncle, Stephen being then 5 years older.

129两次。第一次是一八八七年,在圆镇基玛吉路,通称梅迪纳别墅的马特。狄龙家的丁香园里;同席的还有斯蒂芬的母亲。当时斯蒂芬才五岁,不喜欢伸出手去跟人打招呼。第二次是一八九二年一月,一个下雨的星期日,在布雷斯林饭店的咖啡室里。同室的有斯蒂芬的父亲和叔祖父,当时斯蒂芬又长了五岁。

130Did Bloom accept the invitation to dinner given then by the son and afterwards seconded by the father?

130由那个做儿子的提出来、做父亲的后来也表示赞同的那次赴家宴的邀请,布卢姆接受了吗?

131Very gratefully, with grateful appreciation, with sincere appreciative gratitude, in appreciatively grateful sincerity of regret, he declined.

131他十分领情,非常感谢,由衷地领情感谢,并且深抱遗憾地加以谢绝。

132Did their conversation on the subject of these reminiscences reveal a third connecting link between them?

132他们围绕这些回忆而谈着的话中,可曾透露出双方之间还有第三个联系?

133Mrs Riordan (Dante), a widow of independent means, had resided in the house of Stephen's parents from 1 September 1888 to 29 December 1891 and had also resided during the years 1892, 1893 and 1894 in the City Arms Hotel owned by Elizabeth O'Dowd of 54 Prussia street where, during parts of the years 1893 and 1894, she had been a constant informant of Bloom who resided also in the same hotel, being at that time a clerk in the employment of Joseph Cuffe of 5 Smithfield for the superintendence of sales in the adjacent Dublin Cattle market on the North Circular road.

133一八八八年九月一日至一八九一年十二月二十九日,一位手头有点积蓄的寡妇赖尔登太太(丹特)曾住在斯蒂芬的父母家里。一八九二、九三和九四年间,她曾住在普鲁西亚街五十四号的市徽饭店 ,是伊丽莎白·奥多德开的。一八九三年至一八九四年问,布卢姆也在同一家饭店住过一个时期,那阵子她经常为布卢姆做耳报神。当时布卢姆在史密斯菲尔德五号的约瑟夫·卡夫手下当雇员,在附近的北环路都柏林牲畜市场担任贩卖监督。

134Had he performed any special corporal work of mercy for her?

134在体力方面,他可曾对她有过什么善举?

135He had sometimes propelled her on warm summer evenings, an infirm widow of independent, if limited, means, in her convalescent bathchair with slow revolutions of its wheels as far as the corner of the North Circular road opposite Mr Gavin Low's place of business where she had remained for a certain time scanning through his onelensed binocular fieldglasses unrecognisable citizens on tramcars, roadster bicycles equipped with inflated pneumatic tyres, hackney carriages, tandems, private and hired landaus, dogcarts, ponytraps and brakes passing from the city to the Phoenix Park and vice versa.

135有时在温暖的夏日傍晚,布卢姆把这位多少拥有一些资产足以自立的病孀扶到康复期患者坐的轮椅上,慢慢地将她推到北环路拐角处加文·洛 先生的牲畜交易场所对面。她在那儿逗留上半晌,隔着他那架单镜头双筒望远镜眺望那些难以辨认的市民们:他们搭乘电车、气胎打得鼓鼓的自行车、出租马车、双驾马车、自家用或租来的四轮马车、单马拉的双轮马车、轻便小马车和大型四轮游览马车,在市区与凤凰公园之间穿梭着。

136Why could he then support that his vigil with the greater equanimity?

136他何以对这样的看护工作如此安之若素?

137Because in middle youth he had often sat observing through a rondel of bossed glass of a multicoloured pane the spectacle offered with continual changes of the thoroughfare without, pedestrians, quadrupeds, velocipedes, vehicles, passing slowly, quickly, evenly, round and round and round the rim of a round and round precipitous globe.

137因为他在青壮年时,经常坐在屋里,隔着那嵌有浮凸饰的五彩圆玻璃窗子,观察外界大街上千变万化的景物:步行者、四足动物、脚踏车、车辆,或急匆匆或慢悠悠或不紧不慢地经过,沿着垂直的圆球面的边缘滴溜溜、滴溜溜、滴溜溜地旋转。

138What distinct different memories had each of her now eight years deceased?

138对于八年前去世的她,他们二人各自有着什么样截然不同的记忆?

139The older, her bezique cards and counters, her Skye terrier, her suppositious wealth, her lapses of responsiveness and incipient catarrhal deafness: the younger, her lamp of colza oil before the statue of the Immaculate Conception, her green and maroon brushes for Charles Stewart Parnell and for Michael Davitt, her tissue papers.

139年长的那位记得她那比齐克牌戏和筹码,她那只斯凯骾狗,她所冒充的富有,她对事物怎样缺乏反应,她所患的初期卡他性耳聋。年轻的那位则记得她那盏供在无染原罪圣母玛利亚雕像前的菜油灯,她用来象征查理·斯图尔特。巴涅尔和迈克尔,达维特的绿色刷子和绦紫色刷子,她的薄绉纸 。

140Were there no means still remaining to him to achieve the rejuvenation which these reminiscences divulged to a younger companion rendered the more desirable?

140通过对年轻的朋友所透露的这些回忆,他更巴不得能恢复青春了,然而他还有没有办法来实现呢?

141The indoor exercises, formerly intermittently practised, subsequently abandoned, prescribed in Eugen Sandow's Physical Strength and How to Obtain It which, designed particularly for commercial men engaged in sedentary occupations, were to be made with mental concentration in front of a mirror so as to bring into play the various families of muscles and produce successively a pleasant rigidity, a more pleasant relaxation and the most pleasant repristination of juvenile agility.

141室内健身操。尤今·桑道所著《体力与健身术》中规定了如何操练。以前,他时断时续地练过,后来干脆放弃了。这种健身操是特地为坐着工作的商人所编排的,必须照着镜子聚精会神地操练,活动一下身上各个部位的筋肉,依次一张一弛地做令人心旷神怡的运动,以便恢复能给人带来莫大愉悦的青春活力。

142Had any special agility been his in earlier youth?

142青少年时代他可曾显示过特殊的机敏,

143Though ringweight lifting had been beyond his strength and the full circle gyration beyond his courage yet as a High school scholar he had excelled in his stable and protracted execution of the half lever movement on the parallel bars in consequence of his abnormally developed abdominal muscles.

143尽管在举重比赛方面他的体力不够,对于空中旋转,勇气又不足,然而念高中时,多亏腹部肌肉异常发达,他有本领在双杠上两臂垂直,双腿向前抬起,与身子成直角,长时间稳定地保持平衡。

144Did either openly allude to their racial difference?

144二人之中有哪个直率地提到种族不同的问题吗?

145Neither.

145谁都没有提。

146What, reduced to their simplest reciprocal form, were Bloom's thoughts about Stephen's thoughts about Bloom and about Stephen's thoughts about Bloom's thoughts about Stephen?

146布卢姆对斯蒂芬关于布卢姆的看法到底怎么想法?而且,布卢姆对斯蒂芬究竟怎样看待布卢姆关于斯蒂芬的看法又有何想法?如果把这些想法用最简单的相互形式扼要地表达出来,究竟是怎样的?

147He thought that he thought that he was a jew whereas he knew that he knew that he knew that he was not.

147他[布卢姆]认为,他[斯蒂芬]在想他[布卢姆]是个犹太人;同时他[布卢姆]知道,他[斯蒂芬]晓得他[布卢姆]明白他[斯蒂芬]并不是个犹太人。

148What, the enclosures of reticence removed, were their respective parentages?

148冲破了沉默的樊篱后,他们弄清彼此的父母是什么人了吗?

149Bloom, only born male transubstantial heir of Rudolf Virag (subsequently Rudolph Bloom) of Szombathely, Vienna, Budapest, Milan, London and Dublin and of Ellen Higgins, second daughter of Julius Higgins (born Karoly) and Fanny Higgins (born Hegarty). Stephen, eldest surviving male consubstantial heir of Simon Dedalus of Cork and Dublin and of Mary, daughter of Richard and Christina Goulding (born Grier).

149布卢姆是经过松博特海伊、维也纳、布达佩斯、米兰、伦敦而来到都柏林的鲁道尔夫·维拉格(后改名为鲁道尔夫·布卢姆)和艾琳。希金斯之间所生的唯一的男子继承人,而艾琳是朱利叶斯。希金斯(原姓卡罗利)和范妮·希金斯(旧姓赫加蒂)之次女。斯蒂芬是自科克来到都柏林的西蒙·迪达勒斯与玛丽之间所生的孩子当中尚健在的共同的男子继承人中最年长的,而玛丽则是理查与克里斯蒂娜·古尔丁(原姓格里尔)之女。

150Had Bloom and Stephen been baptised, and where and by whom, cleric or layman?

150布卢姆和斯蒂芬都领洗了吗?在哪儿? 洗礼是由谁给施行的?是由神职人员还是在俗人员?

151Bloom (three times), by the reverend Mr Gilmer Johnston M. A., alone, in the protestant church of Saint Nicholas Without, Coombe, by James O'Connor, Philip Gilligan and James Fitzpatrick, together, under a pump in the village of Swords, and by the reverend Charles Malone C. C., in the church of the Three Patrons, Rathgar. Stephen (once) by the reverend Charles Malone C. C., alone, in the church of the Three Patrons, Rathgar.

151布卢姆(领过三次洗):在库姆的耶稣教圣尼古拉斯·威思奥特教堂,由可敬的文学士吉尔默·约翰斯顿独自为他施洗;在索兹村的水泵下,由詹姆斯·奥康纳·菲利普·吉利根和詹姆斯·菲茨杰拉德共同为他施洗;在拉思加尔的三位主保圣人教堂由那位可敬的天主教神父查理·马洛尼独自为他施洗。斯蒂芬(领过一次洗):在拉思加尔的三位主保圣人教堂由那位可敬的天主教神父查理·马洛尼独自为他施洗。

152Did they find their educational careers similar?

152他们二人可曾发现彼此有相似的学历?

153Substituting Stephen for Bloom Stoom would have passed successively through a dame's school and the high school. Substituting Bloom for Stephen Blephen would have passed successively through the preparatory, junior, middle and senior grades of the intermediate and through the matriculation, first arts, second arts and arts degree courses of the royal university.

153倘若斯蒂芬与布卢姆换个位置,斯图姆就会顺序从幼儿学校起念完高中。倘若布卢姆与斯蒂芬换个位置,布利芬就会顺序读完中等教育的预备科、初级、中级、高级课程,通过王家大学的入学考试,依次读完文科一、二年级,继而修完文学士课程。

154Why did Bloom refrain from stating that he had frequented the university of life?

154为什么布卢姆抑制住自己,不曾说他进过人生这所大学?

155Because of his fluctuating incertitude as to whether this observation had or had not been already made by him to Stephen or by Stephen to him.

155因为他拿不准自己是否已对斯蒂芬说过此话,或者斯蒂芬是否曾对他这么说过。

156What two temperaments did they individually represent?

156他们二人分别代表哪两种气质:

157The scientific. The artistic.

157科学气质。艺术气质。

158What proofs did Bloom adduce to prove that his tendency was towards applied, rather than towards pure, science?

158布卢姆所提出的哪些例证足以证明,他的个性与其说是倾向于理论科学,毋宁说是倾向于应用科学。

159Certain possible inventions of which he had cogitated when reclining in a state of supine repletion to aid digestion, stimulated by his appreciation of the importance of inventions now common but once revolutionary, for example, the aeronautic parachute, the reflecting telescope, the spiral corkscrew, the safety pin, the mineral water siphon, the canal lock with winch and sluice, the suction pump.

159当吃饱后,为了助消化而仰卧着时,他曾思考过几项发明的可能性。这是由于认识到如今虽已司空见惯、当初却曾是巨大革新的那些发明的重要性,从而受到刺激:比方说,航空降落伞、反射望远镜、螺丝锥、别针、瓶装矿泉水、运河那有着绞车与泄水道的闸门装置、抽水机。

160Were these inventions principally intended for an improved scheme of kindergarten?

160他这些发明主要是用来推动幼儿园改良计划的吗?

161Yes, rendering obsolete popguns, elastic airbladders, games of hazard, catapults. They comprised astronomical kaleidoscopes exhibiting the twelve constellations of the zodiac from Aries to Pisces, miniature mechanical orreries, arithmetical gelatine lozenges, geometrical to correspond with zoological biscuits, globemap playing balls, historically costumed dolls.

161是的。就是要把纸枪、橡胶浮囊、掷骰子游戏和弹弓排斥出去;其中包括展示白羊宫乃至双鱼宫这十二宫星座的天体万花筒、小型机械装置的太阳系仪、算术用菱形果子冻、相当于动物饼干的几何图形饼干、游戏用地球仪皮球、身穿历史服装的玩偶。

162What also stimulated him in his cogitations?

162另外还有哪些因素在激发着他去开动脑筋?

163The financial success achieved by Ephraim Marks and Charles A. James, the former by his 1d bazaar at 42 George's street, south, the latter at his 6 1/2d shop and world's fancy fair and waxwork exhibition at 30 Henry street, admission 2d, children 1d: and the infinite possibilities hitherto unexploited of the modern art of advertisement if condensed in triliteral monoideal symbols, vertically of maximum visibility (divined), horizontally of maximum legibility (deciphered) and of magnetising efficacy to arrest involuntary attention, to interest, to convince, to decide.

163伊弗雷姆·马克斯和查尔斯·奥·詹姆斯在金融上取得的成功。前者是在南乔治街四十二号举办一便士展销会,后者在亨利街三十号开了一爿六便士半店铺并举办世界小商品市场和蜡制品展览会,门票:成人两便士,儿童一便士。还有近代广告术方面迄未开拓的无限可能性。如果压缩成三字母单一观念的记号,那就是:竖着,能够最大限度地看到(察觉);横着,能够最大限度地读到(辨认),还有着不知不觉地吸引人的注意力,产生兴趣,使之信服并采取行动的催眠般功效。

164Such as?

164好的例子呢?

165K. II. Kino's 11/- Trousers. House of Keys. Alexander J. Keyes.

165吉·ll。吉诺批发店 11 裤子。钥匙议院。亚历山大·杰·凯斯。

166Such as not?

166不好的例子呢?

167Look at this long candle. Calculate when it burns out and you receive gratis 1 pair of our special non-compo boots, guaranteed 1 candle power. Address: Barclay and Cook, 18 Talbot street.

167瞧瞧这支长蜡烛。你要是猜中了它什么时候能燃尽,就免费赠送一双本店特制真皮靴子,保证足有一烛光的光泽。地址:巴克利与库克,塔尔博特街十八号。

168Bacilikil (Insect Powder). Veribest (Boot Blacking). Uwantit (Combined pocket twoblade penknife with corkscrew, nailfile and pipecleaner).

168杆菌牌(杀虫剂)。最佳牌(鞋油)。你要牌(与螺丝锥、指甲挫和烟斗通条合并在一起的双刃折叠小刀)。

169Such as never?

169最糟糕的呢?

170What is home without Plumtree's Potted Meat?

170倘若你家里没有:李树牌的肉罐头,

171Incomplete.

171那就是美中不足,

172With it an abode of bliss.

172有它才算幸福窝。